Monday, May 25, 2020

History of Psychology - 753 Words

History of Psychology History of Psychology Paper Shirley L Nieves October 21, 2013 PSY/310 Prof. Kelle Daniels The roots of psychology date back to Egypt and the Egyptian mystery system. Psychology has evolved from philosophy, medicine, theology, and science. Psychology evolved out of coalescence of natural science, and also the branch of philosophy which is known as epistemology, which is also known in the theory of knowledge. Psychology in its early times was devote and mainly focused to understanding the mind, as well as measuring it. After this later on in time, psychology focused on understanding behavior. In the beginning the ancient Greek philosophers had†¦show more content†¦Democritus said â€Å"similarity creates friendship† Alcmaeon was another; he investigated the basis for knowledge. Alcmaeon developed the two aspect theory of the soul. Plato, to me is one of the philosophers who contributed the most to psychology. Defining his aspects of the psych - reason, feeling and appetite. Plato believed that the action of human affect the mental state of individuals. Another philosopher I wanted to mention was Aristotle, who was known as the greatest systematic philosopher of antiquity. Aristotle hypothesized that the mind and the body prevail facts of the same being. The mind being simply a function of the body. Aristotle believed that intellect consisted of a) passive intellect and b) active intellect. Aristotle said that â€Å"intellect is separable, impassable, unmixed, since it is in its essential nature activity†¦.when intellect is set free from its present conditions, it appears as just what it is and nothing more: it alone is immortal and eternal†¦and without it nothing thinks(Britannica onl ine, â€Å"physiological psychology†).† Two primary contributors to psychology were john Locke, who was known to reject the possibility of innate ideas. Locke’s entire system was dependent on association of sensations and ideas of reflection. Locke also suggested that complex emotions which were derived from pain and pleasure were indeed associated with other ideas. Alexander Bain is also anotherShow MoreRelatedHistory of Psychology852 Words   |  4 PagesWhat is Psychology? Psychology is said to be the scientific study of behavior and mental processes. The study of human behavior, development, and learning; and also seeks to understand and explain thought, emotion, and behavior. Today the question we are doing falls under the History of Psychology. It deals with the earlier schools (Structuralism and Functionalism) and compares them with the most recent schools of psychology (Gestalt psychology, Psychoanalysis and CognitiveRead MoreThe History of Psychology2719 Words   |  11 PagesIntroduction: The History of Psychology Philosophical Background Psychology has no definite, absolute beginning, but there is speculation that early humans were curious about human nature. Serious study of the human psyche began in ancient times, with ancient philosophers began to record their findings and thoughts about behavior and the nature of the human mind. The name ‘psychology is from the two Greek roots, psyche and logos, which mean mind and study, respectively. Psychological thoughtRead MoreHistory of Modern Psychology836 Words   |  4 PagesA History of Modern Psychology Franklyn Rivas UOPX History and Systems in Psychology 310 Lillian Fillpot May 03, 2011 A History of Modern Psychology Before psychology officially became a science, many great intellectuals of previous centuries had contributed to the philosophy behind psychology. This philosophy can be trace back to the times of the Greeks, middle ages, and the renaissance period. However, the link between philosophy and modern psychology became possible in the late 18thRead MoreEssay on The History of Psychology1423 Words   |  6 PagesThe History of Psychology In order to discuss Psychologys history, it is important to understand that psychology still does not have one unifying approach unlike the natural sciences; even the definition of Psychology and what it truly means is still undecided. However I shall attempt to review chronologically its philosophical origins, include how the science of Physics and Biology were placedRead MoreHistory of Psychology Paper1294 Words   |  6 PagesHistory of Psychology Paper Jessica PSY/310 May 3, 2010 CERTIFICATE OF ORIGINALITY: I certify that the attached paper, which was produced for the class identified above, is my original work and has not previously been submitted by me or by anyone else for any class. I further declare that I have cited all sources from which I used language, ideas and information, whether quoted verbatim or paraphrased, and that any and all assistance of any kind, which I received while producing this paperRead MoreHistory of Cognitive Psychology1666 Words   |  7 PagesAbstract An analysis of the history of cognitive psychology. Including key ideas, contributors, trends, etc. History of Cognitive Psychology According to G. Miller of Princeton University, cognitive psychology  is an approach to psychology that emphasizes internal mental processes. So, â€Å"since the beginning of experimental psychology in the nineteenth century, there had been interest in the study of higher mental processes. But something discontinuous happened in the late 1950s, something soRead MoreHistory And Systems Of Psychology1795 Words   |  8 Pages History and Systems of Psychology is a course requirement offered to Psychology majors and minors. This course is used to provide majors and minors with the foundation and the evolution of the field of psychology. Within this class, many scholars of discussed. Two scholars that stood out to me in this course would be John Watson and Max Wertheimer. These two particular scholars are responsible for two of the most influential and famous schools of thought, behaviorism and Gestalt psychology. TheseRead MoreThe History Of Social Psychology2266 Words   |  10 PagesThe history of social psychology goes far back in time. â€Å"Aristotle believed that humans were naturally sociable, a necessity which allows us to live together.† (McLeod) Plato was also another influencer in social psychology by saying that â€Å"the state controlled by the individual and encouraged social responsibility through social context. (McLeod) Social psychology is the section of psychology that studies i ndividuals in a social environment. It studies how people think and how they feel, and whyRead MoreHistory And Systems Of Psychology3029 Words   |  13 Pages SOUTHWESTERN ASSEMBLIES OF GOD UNIVERSITY History and Systems of Psychology Psy 4113.00 Instructor: Dr. John Savell History and Systems of Psychology School of Thought Research Paper STUDENT DATA: Name Lauren Frost E-mail: laurenbfrost@lionmail.sagu.edu Phone: (318)372-3825 Semester: Fall 2014 Date: October 8, 2014 Psychoanalysis Psychoanalysis is the belief that we are blissfully unaware of circumstances that dictate ones emotions and behavior. Psychoanalytic school of thought looksRead More History of Psychology Essay2242 Words   |  9 Pagesback when he got older and castrated his father. He feared the same thing like his father did and so he swallowed his children. His wife managed to save one of the children namely Zeus and sent him to be brought up by the shepherds. As we all know history repeats itself, Zeus came back and gave his father a potion to vomit the rest of the children and then castrated him. He also managed to release his father’s brothers. Psychologically if a father eats his children, it’s a metaphor for a father who

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Fast-Food Advertising Causes Obesity Essay - 1395 Words

There has been a long term concern that youth or children who eat from fast food restaurants have a big risk for becoming overweight. Some research shows that greater familiarity with fast food advertising on television is associated with obesity in young people (Pediatric Academic Societies parag.1). It is known that these children and adolescents are being extremely exposed to fast food advertising including the internet, social media, and particularly on television. The marketer and owners of these fast food restaurants use many techniques to attract children and help cause childhood obesity. Not only are they mainly targeting children but also they target low income families and helping cause obesity in their income groups, with†¦show more content†¦3). This shows how badly children are actually exposed to these advertisements everyday on the television constantly being persuaded into having their parents buy them the unhealthy food. Harper Collins argues that the probl em of childhood obesity has grown dramatically in recent years, with between 16% and 33% of children and adolescents being obese or overweight due to unhealthy weight gain due to poor diets and lack of exercise (parag. 1). These percentages arent very good when every day almost â…“ of U.S. children from the eat fast food, which most likely helps them gain extra pounds per child or adolescent per year and heightens the risk of obesity . These numbers may be startling but they are not surprising, since billions of dollars are spent every year on advertising that is targeted specifically to children this is how big the numbers should be. Some studies have shown that fast food contributes to increased calorie intake and obesity risk in children meaning that all those healthy food these fast food restaurants have been advertising have been falsely advertised may be thats why fast food advertising is causing childhood obesity. Fast food advertising has been a big contributor in causing obesity in the U.S by targeting children. Fast food advertising has caused obesity by targeting low income families. Authors Shiriki Kumanyika and Sonya Grier emphasize that low-income youths are exposed to a greatShow MoreRelatedThe Effects Of Advertising On Children s Obesity Rate1056 Words   |  5 PagesThe Effect of Advertising on Children’s Obesity Rate It has come down to this, there is an obesity epidemic. It s like people can’t stop themselves from eating so much. Well, I guess eating isn t necessarily the big problem here... It s the type of food that people are consuming, fast food. America tops the list of world s most obese countries. It s just sad and something needs to be done about it. The worst part is that there are so many children being affected by obesity. According to CDCRead MoreFast Food And The Obesity Epidemic933 Words   |  4 PagesFast –food Industries are to be Blame for Obesity Visualize the world somewhere a school-age child can step out of his school and walk into a McDonalds. Fast-food causes an array of problems in your body. The food is often high in sugar, fat, and calories while providing very few nutrients. The obesity epidemic Americans face today is a growing problem that affects more than half of the population with growing body sizes and serious medical problems associated with obesity. It is a problem thatRead MoreFast-Food, Causes And Effects Of Fast Food1348 Words   |  6 Pagesin America is the fact that people seem to be eating too much fast food that is causing obesity. Not only does fast food cause obesity but you are also at risk of other illnesses such as, heart disease, diabetes, and blood pressure. The leading cause is due to all the fast food that we have available at all times. Everywhere you look you see billboards, commercials, and restaurants. Fast food is also very addictive and is what can cause a person to become obese. And it also has a lot to do where youRead MoreFast Food and Obesity in Adults990 Words   |  4 Pages2013 Fast Food and Obesity in Adults In Aprils addition of Men’s Health magazine there is a picture of salted golden French fries inside a white cup. This advertisement invokes hunger for unhealthy and cheap fast food to consumers. The fast food industries false advertisements, unhealthy food, and long term effects of consuming fast food all lead to the causes and effects of adulthood obesity in the lives of thousands of Americans today. McDonalds, Burger King, Wendy’s, and other fast food industriesRead MoreObesity : Obesity And Obesity1472 Words   |  6 PagesObesity in our society continues to grow at an alarming rate. America is the richest country but has the largest population of obese people in the world. â€Å"Nearly 36.5% of American’s are obese (Adult Obesity Facts).† It is important to note that obesity is defined as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of â€Å"30% or more† (The Socioeconomic Causes of Obesity). People become obese over times for many reasons like feeling there is less of a need to exercise and eat healthy. There are also more fast food selectionsRead MoreObesity : Causes And Effects1090 Words   |  5 Pages Causes of Obesity Obesity refers to the condition of having an extra amount of body fat. Obesity is caused by eating too much and moving too little. When an individual’s amount of body fat becomes too high, they are at a greater risk of being affected with life changing diseases such as heart failure, hypertension, type II diabetes, cancer, gallbladder disease, osteoarthritis, and others. This shows that people should become more physically active and attempt to make healthierRead MoreThe Negative Effect Of Youth Health Essay1734 Words   |  7 Pagesis consumed by advertising. Everywhere we look, everywhere we go our eyes are continually be exposed to some form of advertising; televisions, media, magazines, bill boards and shops are some examples of places where we gather information from certain types of commercial advertising. Our lives are ruled by screens; it is inevitable that during our daily lives we are going to experience a sponsored ad, a TV commercial or a sexy, skinny model on th e front of a mag. All these advertising elements mayRead MoreChildhood Obesity : A Major Health Issue1314 Words   |  6 PagesChildhood obesity is a major health issue. The number of overweight children in the United States is at an all time high and rising at a steadfast pace. For us to understand the impact of obesity and why we should prevent it, we will need to take a look at what has contributed to the epidemic in the first place. First we need to take a look at childhood obesity, even if children are slightly overweight and not quite obese at childhood, their childhood is laying the foundation for possible obesity in theirRead MoreFast Food Industry in U.S1040 Words   |  5 PagesProfessor Johnson 03/06/2012 Fast Food Industry in U.S A variety of different regulations have been set for people that are concerned with tobacco either on a personal level or commercially. Tobacco is associated with damages and thus it has been attacked by medical authorities and social observers. The fast food industry is no exception since it has also contributed to different damages to people’s health. Obesity is just one of the many ailments caused by fast food joints. FDA has made sureRead MoreCauses of Obesity in the United States Essay616 Words   |  3 Pageswill soon learn what the obesity hype is all about. Fast food stores are advertising more food for less money with quicker service. The media tends to misrepresent images of their target customer in television and magazine advertisements. Laziness is probably one of the main causes of obesity in our country. When you mix poor diet with poor exercising habits the outcome is far from being healthy. Obesity in the United States is at an all time high due to increasing fast food popularity, media influence

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Christopher Graus Bad Dreams, Evil Demons, and the...

In â€Å"Bad Dreams, Evil Demons, and the Experience Machine: Philosophy and the Matrix†, Christopher Grau explains Rene Descartes argument in Meditation. What one may interpret as reality may not be more than a figment of one’s imagination. One argument that Grau points out in Descartes essay is how one knows that what one think is an everyday experience awake is not all a part of a hallucination. He uses the example of dreams to draw a conclusion about is claim based on experiences one would experience with dreaming. He asserts that there are times when one wake up from a dream that seems to be â€Å"vivid and realistic† however soon finds that it was not. The experience of reality in the dream was all a part of the mind. If dreams seem to be†¦show more content†¦He gives another scenario of when he lies in the bed he can dream that his he is sitting by the fire with is nightgown when in fact there is no such event he is undressed in the bed. This rein forces that idea one cannot trust what one is experiencing to actually be real. What proof can one bring that one awake other than oneself â€Å"just knowing†. This is the point Descartes wan to call to attention. Although Descartes argument seems plausible decades ago, now there are ways to weaken is argument. In the science of psychology which focuses on the brain one can find that there are ways of knowing one is dreaming or sleep. Descartes even contradicts himself when he asserts â€Å"that even if all of our sensory experience is but a dream, we can still conclude that we have some knowledge of the nature of reality†. I believe that Descartes knows that he is not dreaming in a constant state of dream but that there is a sense of reality that one experiences. What one experiences are senses such as smell and touch that one cannot perform in a dream world. Being able to touch and have the sensation of touching an item such as a table in a dream does not happen. The sensation of pain is also an indicator of a reality that does not exist in the reaffirms that one is not in reality. There is physical evidence that proves that people have control over their dreams; it’s called lucid dreaming. Having aShow MoreRelatedSkepticism On The Search For The Truth Of Our Knowledge1936 Words   |  8 Pagesunsuccessfully to figure out the thought process and how we gain knowledge. Philosophers gave deep thought to determine how we arrive at such true beliefs and knowledge of the external world. Three such philosophers were Rene Descartes, David Hume and Christopher Grau. Rene Descartes was a French philosopher in the early 1600’s; David Hume was a Scottish Philosopher in the 1700’s, and Grau an American philosopher Professor born in 1970. The timeline s important because philosophical views have evolved over

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Red Badge Of Courage (941 words) Essay Example For Students

Red Badge Of Courage (941 words) Essay Red Badge Of CourageHenry, the youth, was a young man who lived on a farm with hismother. He dreamed about what fighting in a war would be like, and dreamed ofbeing a hero. He dreamed of the battles of war, and of what it would be like tofight in those glorious battles. His mother was a wise, caring woman who hadstrong convictions about not wanting Henry to goto war. She is a veryhardworking woman, and loves her son a great deal. She gave him hundreds ofreasons why he was needed on the farm and not in the war. Henry knew his motherwould not want him to enlist, but it was his decision to make. He dreamed of thebattles of war, and of what it would be like to fight in those glorious battles. He didnt want to stay on the farm with nothing to do, so he made his finaldecision to enlist. After enlisting he finds himself in a similar situation,with nothing to do. While there he becomes friends with two other soldiers, JohnWilson, the loud soldier / the friend and Jim Conklin,the tall soldier. Wilson was a loud spoken and obnoxious soldier whobecomes one of Henrys best friends. Jim was a tall soldier and was a childhoodfriend of Henrys. He was always calm and matter-of-fact like. He also lovespork sandwiches as that is all he eats. Wilson was as excited about going to waras Henry, while Jim was confident about the success of the new regiment. Wilsonis acts very confident, and boasts of how well he will fight. After a few daysof marching, Henry realizes that they have been wandering about aimlessly incircles. They continue to march wothout purpose, direction, and fighting. Duringthis time Henry starts to think diffrently about war, amore close experiencedway. He starts to lose some of his ideals of war, and starts to become scared ofrunning away from a batlle. Lieutenant Hasbrouck, a young lieutenant of the304th regiment (Henrys regiment), is an extremely brave man. He also isconstantly cursing. He, unlike the other officers, cares about and defends histroops performance and makes sure they get the recognition they deserve. He is atrue leader and he is a model of what Henry and Wilson wish to become. After awhile the regiment finally discovers a battle taking place. Jim gives Henry ayellow envelope with a packet inside. He is confident that he will die, and saysthat this will be his first and last battle. The regiment manages to hold offthe rebels during the first attack, but the rebels like machines of steel;relentlessly came back again and again with reinforcements driving the soldiersback. Henry becomes scared, confused, and goes into a trance when he sees hisforces depleting. He finally gets up and starts to run like a proverbialchicken, who has lost the direction of safety. After he has run away hestarts to anaylze himself and rationalize his actions. At first he thinkshimself a a coward for running, and later he feels he was just saving himselffor later. He thinks nature does not want him to die, eventhough his side waslosing. He believes he was intelligent to run, and hopes he will die in battleto spite. Henry, still running, is met by a tattered soldier and hecomes upon Jim who has been wounded badly. He does not complain about his pain,but asks Henry to move him out the road so he is not run over by artillerywagons. Even in his agony, he is concered about Henry and asks how he is faring. .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 , .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 .postImageUrl , .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 , .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2:hover , .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2:visited , .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2:active { border:0!important; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2:active , .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(https://artscolumbia.org/wp-content/plugins/intelly-related-posts/assets/images/simple-arrow.png)no-repeat; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2 .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u3fbc65bbb952878ac6211dfe4c8893a2:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: I Believe in the Power of Video Games EssayAs his death grew nearer, Jim runs into a field looking for a suitable place todie. He ignores Henrys offers of help, and as his body jerked horribly, hefalls and dies. The only other witness to his death, the tatteredsoldier, is impressed mostly by Jims bravery and courage. The tatteredsoldier appears to be a simple and innocent man. Though he is very simplisticand unsophisticated, he is a brave, kind, and responsible man. Henry walks awayhurting inside and dangerous to himself. In the charge ahead Henry asks fleeingsoldiers why they are running. He grabs a comrad and asked why whyall the while holding his arm. The man struggling to be let go, hits Henry overthe head with the butt of his rifle, thus giving Henry his first Red Badge ofCourage. Henry stumbles across the battle field trying to stay on his feet. Hemeets a cheery voiced man who helps him get back to his regiment. The cheery voiced man not only lacks a name, but Henry never seeshis face. He appears to be a ordinary man who can skillfully manuveur throughthe forest and patrols. At his regiment he meets up with Wilson again, and getsthe wound on his head tended to. After resting for a little while he gets backinto the battle. He felt the generals were a bunch of lunkheads formaking them retreat instead of confronting the enemy. Henry starts to think thathe and Wilson are going to die, but go into battle anyway. In the battle achange goes over Henry. He starts to fume with rage and exhaustion. He seemed tohave a wild hate for his relentless foe. He felt that he and his companions werebeing taunted and being made fun of. In a following battle, he and Wilson havethe oppurtunity to carry the regiments flag. After a bit of scuffiling Wilsontakes the flag out, but later in the battle Henry manages to get thge rebel flagand runs up the line with Lieutenant Hasbrouck leading the way. In the battle hefou ght like a Major General, and he has grown up a great deal. He isnot afraid of dying anymore.

Saturday, April 11, 2020

Overview of the Management Plan

Introduction A plan is an integral part of all complicated tasks to be done. In this respect, a plan should cover all stages of the process including financial part and risk management. Expanding into different markets is a really complicated task that requires a lot of information to be processed, assessed, and used while planning certain activities.Advertising We will write a custom coursework sample on Overview of the Management Plan specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Thus, the current management plan contains overview of the country to expand into different regions, best practices to take into account, and each sector that should be considered while launching products in other countries. General Overview of the Country Transnational companies should take into account a number of challenges and difficulties that may occur in the process of expanding into several different markets. In this respect, large corporations and companies should acquire knowledge and apply successful experience of other transnational corporations in order to operate effectively in the international market, especially while expanding into several markets outside the country of origin. So, gaining knowledge about â€Å"customers, suppliers, and talent in foreign lands† (Gupta, Govindarajan Wang, 2008, p.217) is one of the most important steps in the strategy aimed at expanding of the company into other markets than its national one. As soon as the company gains information and finds appropriate methods of its application, elaboration and implementation of those to practice, this company can move to the international market. As reported by Gupta et al. (2008), â€Å"One of the most important benefits from early globalization can be rapid growth or even the transformation of an interesting but economically nonviable business idea into a viable one† (pp.221-222). So, effective globalization and expanding into different mar kets can be encouraged by various incentives offered in the markets of other countries as a mean of attracting foreign investments and introducing more active competition onto the market.Advertising Looking for coursework on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In other words, â€Å"rapid accumulation of competitive advantage† (Gupta et al., 2008, p.222) as suggested in the case of Bharti Airtel Limited that expands into the Kenyan market where the government provides certain areas of business with special incentives regardless of the fact that some legal differences between India and Kenya may pose business challenges (Sinkovics, 2009) because the company will implement the best business practices into operation. In other words, the country of origin and examination of its legal base, rules of making business, and other numerous peculiar features are very important while launching a product onto the mar ket or simply expanding into that market. Best Practices to Implement Experience on business, legal, and cultural practices can be implemented after analyzing other cases of successful application of certain viable perspectives into operation. In this respect, it is necessary to take a set of measures including solving such industry constraints as â€Å"need for local adaptation, need for local infrastructure, and regulatory barriers† (Gupta et al., 2008, p.226). In other words, the company should conduct a thorough research before even trying to expand into different markets all over the world. Incorporation of best practices is aimed at facilitating the application of international needs to the company’s strategies and company’s expectations and long-term plans into international market with its unique needs, preferences, and tendencies of demand and supply, insurance, and risks. Another point that should be taken to discussion is the resources management and its peculiarities for international companies and international market, especially in cases when human resources and materials are the basic ones for the production. As reported by Bartlett, Beamish, Ghoshal (2008), â€Å"The task of coordinating flows of materials, components, and finished products becomes extremely complex as companies build transnational structures and capabilities† (p.651).Advertising We will write a custom coursework sample on Overview of the Management Plan specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Though materials and manufactured goods are of primary concern, it is necessary to remember about human resources in terms of recruiting and training or outsourcing as the most appropriate way of effective performance. To sum up, the best practices used or invented by other businesses and corporations should be implemented to the extent of creating the most appropriate ground for effective manufacturing goods or p roviding services. In other words, knowledge management, collaboration and communication practices, multicultural awareness and construction of intangible capital are some of the components to be used while expanding into different markets using incentives such as competitive advantage to attract customer and develop their loyalty to the brand. Besides, employees and product distributors who are already conversant with the market are able to facilitate the learning of the markets needs and expectations (Jain, 2003). Management Plan Scope management One of the first steps to be made by the company is to conduct a research on the market’s peculiarities, legal issues, and needs of customers and their expectations from the foreign brand. A team of international experts has to outline the major areas of the highest and lowest priority for company in terms of effective distribution of goods, further development of the product line and brand extension, expanding of the company into other markets, and its financial performance used for research and development, training and professional development programs, incorporation of international practices, and other areas of main concern. Schedule management The team of schedule managers should analyze the situation in terms of various criteria to be achieved and evaluate the periods of time necessary to accomplish the company’s mission. Definite time frames should be stated for each process and each step. In other words, the company should thoroughly plan its operation in the international market.Advertising Looking for coursework on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Financial management Budgeting is one of the most important sectors for managerial to accomplish because it enables the company to grow further and extend its brand line, implement technological innovations to gain more profit and invest it into research and development sector to gain competitive advantage over its rivals. Moreover, successful assessment of sectors in need for financial investment and priority in this issues and distribution of financial assistance can be rather beneficial in terms of areas of highest priority. Quality management Quality of goods and services provided should be assessed by independent experts which involves outsourcing and extra costs spent on this sector. However, if the company is interested in the manufacturing of high-end products and providing the customers with services of high quality, it should spend some costs on establishment of a special department that should deal with assessment of quality, monitoring or activities, and counseling on th e issues that can contribute to the improvement of quality or reducing cost efficiency of products by means of production of certain parts in other locations. Resources management The team of international experts has to evaluate the situation and take the most effective measures to choose the most sufficient method of employing people and delivering materials. As some locations can be farther than others, it will involve extra costs on delivery of materials and increase the cost of goods resulting in decreasing of products’ attractiveness for buyers. All manipulations performed for delivery of materials and distribution of goods should be sufficient in terms of cost of the final product that comes to the market. Communications management One of the key components in transnational management is the communication management; a failure to communicate will lead to poor performance and results. In this respect, all changes that take place in the headquarters should be introduced immediately to subsidiaries. Various software programs and other technologically advanced means of communication can enable the company to take competitive advantage over its rivals. Project change management All changes that occur in the international market are sure to affect the company’s performance. In this respect, it is necessary to trace all innovations and tendencies that affect the international market, assess those, and implement into the company in case they provide the company with some advantage over competitors or will increase the productivity, quality, or profit or good manufactured. Though some changed may be considered positive within the international market, they are not necessarily applicable to the company regarding its needs and perspectives. Risk management Every sector of economics includes some risks as well as perspectives. The company should send some costs on identification, evaluation, analysis, and appropriate treatment of risks. If the company fails to identify risk or does not want to spend costs on this procedure permanently, it can use outsourcing occasionally when some changes in the international market occur. Tracing changes and taking appropriate measures in terms of risk management can be done with the help of independent experts. Procurement management The company should take measures to ensure that all departments function in accordance with the company’s plan. Any changes and difficulties should be identified by the change management team to take steps and prevent occurrence of certain problems in procurement sector of the company in future. Delivery and distribution of material and manufactured goods is really important for the company. So, it should spend corresponding costs to provide all sectors with appropriate materials and prevent system failures. Conclusion To sum up, the plan contains consideration of the most important sectors to manage before starting to perform in the international market. A s transnational companies have to consider risks, legal issues of other countries, cultural diversity of employees, and many other issues, a management plan is the document to rely on while expanding into different markets. Overview of the country is of high importance because the country of origin can become a competitive advantage while producing goods and providing services. Reference List Bartlett, A., Beamish, W. Ghoshal, S. (2008). Transnational management: Text, cases and readings in cross-border management. 5th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill. Gupta, A., Govindarajan. V., Wang, H. (2008). The quest for global dominance. New York: John Wiley and Sons. Jain, S. C. (2003). Handbook of research in international marketing, Vol. 2001. New York: Edward Elgar Publishing. Sinkovics, R. (2009). New challenges to international marketing. New York: Emerald Group Publishing. This coursework on Overview of the Management Plan was written and submitted by user Giant Man to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

All we have to fear is fear itself essays

All we have to fear is fear itself essays All we have to fear is fear itself In his inaugural speech as President, Franklin Delano Roosevelt remarked, The only thing we have to fear is fear itself. Indeed these words very accurately describe the problems faced by the people of America from that time till December 1941. How deeply had this man, destined to become one of the most remembered of our presidents, thought before speaking these everlasting words on March 4, 1933? Roosevelt had in fact spoken what was actually realized eight years later when the Japanese army attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941 and brought the United States into the Second World War. Before expressing my views in favor of my convictions let me recall the exact words that I am going to talk about. So, first of all, let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself nameless, unreasoning, unjustified terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance. (FDR March 4 1933.) The cause of the fear that Franklin D. Roosevelt was referring to was the economic depression America was in when he took office. Roosevelt was warning America not to let their economy be paralyzed by the fears, which had overcome their reason and had made them over cautious about their actions. This might not have been completely understood at that time but FDR's warning was, no doubt, valid. The great depression had its roots in an era of prosperity. The nineteen twenties, were the years of genuine prosperity and real economic growth. Consumer economy was a new thing, and so was the confidence in growth. If we carefully examine the history of American economy, we find that it is characterized by crests and troughs: - that is alternating booms and slumps. But the people during the third decade of the twentieth century perhaps thought that the magic formula had been found and the good times of growth will last forever. The econom...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Pre- and post- operative assessment Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Pre- and post- operative assessment - Essay Example Health care needs in US communities are increasing, as is the demand for quality, cost-effective health care. (Barnett, 2005). Nursing personnel are more and more associated with helping the patients and medical practitioners now, and they have a crucial role to play in disease management and intervention. Laparotomy is a diagnostic procedure used to assess disease in the abdomen. One of the more frequent reasons for a laparotomy is to determine the extent cancer has spread. It is also used for acute situations in which the cause of the problem is unknown but the location is within the abdomen. Examples include perforated bowel, ectopic (outside the womb) pregnancy , endometriosis , appendicitis , bleeding, and inflammation of the pancreas. If the diagnosis made that laparotomy is amenable to further surgery, it is often done immediately. (Brigham and Women's Hospital 2006). Pre-operative assessment aims to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with surgery, prevent unnecessary cancellations, and minimize hospital stay. It benefits the nursing personnel as well as health practitioners to identify potential problems and develop a plan to prepare patients to a pre-surgical level of functioning to eliminate further surgical complications. It is a "very effective method for eliminating costly and unnecessary 'screening' investigations (Thomas, 2006). In the instant case, the i... (Brigham and Women's Hospital 2006). Pre-operative assessment aims to reduce morbidity and mortality associated with surgery, prevent unnecessary cancellations, and minimize hospital stay. It benefits the nursing personnel as well as health practitioners to identify potential problems and develop a plan to prepare patients to a pre-surgical level of functioning to eliminate further surgical complications. It is a "very effective method for eliminating costly and unnecessary 'screening' investigations (Thomas, 2006). In the instant case, the issues that need to be discussed at the pre-operative stage would be with regard to any special pre-operative program needed for Mrs. Maxshall and the estimated time for surgery, and time for recovery and convalescence. Since the patient is suffering from Osteoarthritis and remained a continuous smoker, performance of the lungs and heart needs to be monitored very closely. The aspect of anemia also requires to be taken into consideration. The advantages of utilizing the pre-admission clinic should be in terms of lower hospital stay and a better preparation, planning, and management of the surgery. The pre-admission also takes care of necessary tests and investigations for management of the operation. This also ensures that there is no delay for surgery upon admission, since it often happens that disadvantaged patients my get long date for surgery. Disadvantages of pre-admission clinic would be attributed to delay in diagnosis and initiating clinical/surgical procedures. If the patient develops abnormal symptoms after the investigations are carried out, but before being sent to the operating theater, the hospital stay also will be prolonged. In this case history the patient